Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) have been a major global public health crisis since the 1980s. Although there is still no cure for HIV/AIDS, antiretroviral therapy (ART) has revolutionized the treatment and management of the disease. ART involves the use of a combination of medications that suppress the virus and prevent progression to AIDS.
Recent Advances in ART:
Since the first antiretroviral drug was approved in 1987, the field of ART has rapidly advanced. The newest antiretroviral drugs have improved efficacy, fewer side effects, and are more convenient to take compared to earlier treatments. Today, ART can effectively suppress the virus to undetectable levels in the blood, reducing the risk of HIV transmission and improving the quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS.
One of the major advancements in ART is the availability of single-tablet regimens, also known as “one-pill-a-day” or “one-a-day” treatments. These regimens combine two or more antiretroviral drugs into a single pill, making it easier for people living with HIV/AIDS to adhere to their medication regimen. Adherence is crucial for the success of ART, as missing doses can result in the development of drug resistance and reduce the effectiveness of the treatment.
Another major advancement in ART is the development of long-acting antiretroviral drugs. These drugs are designed to be taken less frequently, making it easier for people living with HIV/AIDS to manage their treatment regimen. Long-acting ART also reduces the risk of drug resistance and improves adherence, which is crucial for the success of ART.
Recent advances in ART have also improved the tolerability of antiretroviral drugs. The newest antiretroviral drugs have fewer side effects, making them easier to tolerate for people living with HIV/AIDS. This is particularly important for older people and people
with coexisting health conditions who may not be able to tolerate the side effects of earlier treatments.
The field of ART has rapidly advanced since the first antiretroviral drug was approved in 1987. Today, ART can effectively suppress the virus to undetectable levels, reducing the risk of HIV transmission and improving the quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS. Recent advancements in ART, such as single-tablet regimens, long-acting ART, and improved tolerability, have made it easier for people living with HIV/AIDS to manage their treatment regimen and improve adherence to ART.
1. World Health Organization. (2021). Antiretroviral therapy. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/hiv/topics/antiretroviral-therapy/en/
2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2021). Antiretroviral therapy (ART). Retrieved from https://aidsinfo.nih.gov/understanding-hiv-aids/fact-sheets/22/48/antiretroviral-therapy-art
3. HIV.gov. (2021). Antiretroviral therapy (ART). Retrieved from https://www.hiv.gov/hiv-basics/overview/about-hiv-and-aids/antiretroviral-ther
*This article was produced with the assistance of artificial intelligence. Please always check and confirm with your own sources, and always consult with your healthcare professional when seeking medical treatment